Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Mezistre
(1,252 words)

, Mizistre , the Turkish name for Greek Mystras, Latin Mistra, a famous Byzantine necropolis on a hill slope west of modern Sparta in Laconia in the Peloponnese [see mora ], which was a major centre of late mediaeval Greek civilisation and capital of the “Despotate of the Morea” till the Ottoman conquest. It has numerous Byzantine and Frankish monuments from the 13th-15th centuries, and was immortalised, albeit anachronistically, in Goethe’s Faust . The name has been connected with the shape of the cone-shaped hill on which it stands.

The Frankish castle of 1249 was built by William…

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Savvides, A., “Mezistre”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 08 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_8825>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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