Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,178 words)

(a.), more usually in its Persian form mafras̲h̲ , or the Ottoman mifres̲h̲ , denotes a travelling pack for bedding. Derived from the Arabic verb faras̲h̲a “to spread out or furnish a house or tent”, it is thus cognate with mafrūs̲h̲āt [q.v.] in the sense of “bedding”.

Two early examples made from waxed canvas, reinforced with patterns of brass studs, are preserved in the harem of the Topkapı Sarayı, Istanbul (8/460 and 8/465 k̲h̲urd̲j̲ ). These are flat-bottomed, 90 × 55 cm, with D-shaped ends 30 cm high around which the long sides curve inwards. A grip was fitted a…

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Andrews, P.A., “Mifras̲h̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5182>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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