(5,021 words)

(a.), a term meaning in general usage a “testing” or “trial”, whether by the accidents of fortune or the actions of men (Patton, 1). This general sense is reflected in the Kitāb al-Miḥan by Abu ’l-ʿArab [q.v.] where the author sets out to give an account of “those who have been afflicted ( ubtuliya ) by being killed, imprisoned, flogged, or threatened. . . ” (47). More particularly, the term (together with its counterpart imtiḥān ) signifies the procedure adopted by the caliph al-Maʾmūn [q.v.], and officially applied under his two immediate successors, for the purpose of imposi…

Cite this page
Hinds, M., “Miḥna”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0732>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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