Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(867 words)

(a.), measurement, means of measuring, any simple measuring instrument; in Egypt the name of the Nilometer, i.e. the gauge in which the annual rise of the river can be measured.

Originally the rising of the Nile was measured by the gauge ( al-raṣāṣa ). According to Ibn ʿAbd al-Ḥakam, al-Ḳuḍāʿī, and others, Joseph, the son of Jacob, built the first Nilometer at Memphis; at a later date, the “aged Dalūka” built Nilometers in Ak̲h̲mīm and Anṣinā (Antinoë). These were the Nilometers in use throughout the Hellenistic period till the conquest…

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Ruska, J. and Hill, D.R., “Miḳyās”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 26 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5196>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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