Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(16,177 words)

(a.) “navigation, seamanship; seafaring”. Like its English and French counterparts, navigation , the Arabic term has both a narrower and a broader connotation. The former refers to the mariner’s art of determining the ship’s position, charting her course and assuring that her progress and ultimate arrival is performed efficiently and safely; the latter, to seafaring in general. The term is attested in its faʿʿāl form, mallāḥ , at least since the ʿAbbāsid period (Lane, vii, 2733); it appears to go back to Akkadian and ultimately Sumerian ( Chicago Akkadian dictionary, Letter M , Part 1…

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Soucek, S., Christides, V., Tibbetts, G.R. and G. Oman, “Milāḥa”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 30 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0737>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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