(5,793 words)

, the name of a tribe whose original home was in the eastern part of the present-day Mongolian Peoples’ Republic. In the 7th/13th and 8th/14th centuries, under Čingiz-K̲h̲ān [q.v.] and his successors, they established by military conquest the most extensive continuous land empire known to history. At its greatest extent, it stretched from Korea to Hungary, including most of the mainland of Asia apart from India and the south-east of the continent. What is perhaps a form of the Mongol name has been found in Chinese sources of the Tʾang Dynasty (A.D. 618-907), but they became prominent…

Cite this page
Morgan, D.O., “Mongols”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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