Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(3,241 words)

, Spanish mozarabe , Portuguese moçarabe , Catalan mossarab , a word of uncertain origin for which two etymologies have been propounded. In the 13th century, the Archbishop Rodrigo Ximenez ( De rebus Hispaniae , iii, 22) declared that the Christians living under Muslim rule after the conquest of 92/711 “Dicti sunt mixli arabes, eo quod mixti Arabibus convivebant”. This Latin-based interpretation is the earliest known etymology of the word Mozarab. However, Arabist scholars of the 19th century (following F.J. Simonet) considered it an arabism, derived from mustaʿrab , mustaʿrib with…

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Chalmeta, P., “Mozarab”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5265>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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