(a.), the active participle of the form III verb d̲j̲āhada “to strive” (of which the verbal noun is d̲j̲ihād [q.v.]), hence acquiring the technical religious meaning of “fighter for the faith, one who wages war against the unbelievers.”
1. In classical legal theory and in early Islam. See for this d̲j̲ihād.
2. In Muslim Indian usage.
In the subcontinent, the term mud̲j̲āhid has been associated with Islamic revivalist movements there, and especially with the more militant ones which arose from the late 18th century onwards in response to threats to the wan…