Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Muḥammad ʿAlī Ḥud̲j̲d̲j̲at-i Zand̲j̲ānī
(435 words)

, Mullā (1227-67/1812-51), leading exponent of Bābism in Zand̲j̲ān, and chief protagonist of the Bābī uprising there. Born in Zand̲j̲ān to a clerical family, he studied in Nad̲j̲af, but on his father’s death returned to take his place. He soon acquired a reputation for a puritan implementation of the s̲h̲arīʿa and for his introduction of religious innovations, thereby incurring the disfavour of the clerical establishment.

The circumstances of his conversion to Bābism around 1260/1844 are unclear, but his connection with the sect intensified his role as an ind…

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MacEoin, D., “Muḥammad ʿAlī Ḥud̲j̲d̲j̲at-i Zand̲j̲ānī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5383>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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