, “the Pure Soul”, ʿAlid rebel, together with his full brother Ibrāhīm [q.v.] against the ʿAbbāsid caliph al-Manṣūr at Medina in 145/762-3.
He and Ibrāhīm had, according to al-Wāḳidī, been brought up as future rulers, and Muḥammad was called al-Mahdī by his father. As early, as the reign of the Umayyad caliph His̲h̲ām, the two sectarians al-Mug̲h̲īra b. Saʿīd al-ʿId̲j̲lī and Bayān b. Samʿān [q.v.], who did not recognise Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-Bāḳir [q.v.], endeavoured to make propaganda for him. When signs of the imminent collapse of Umayyad rule became apparent after …
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“Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh b. al-Ḥasan al-Mut̲h̲annā b. al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib, called al-Nafs al-Zakiyya”, in:
Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs.
Consulted online on 19 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5331>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007