Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Muḥammad Bak̲h̲tiyār K̲h̲ald̲j̲ī
(338 words)

, Ik̲h̲tiyār al-Dīn , Afg̲h̲ān adventurer and commander active in the Muslim conquest of northern India under the generals of the G̲h̲ūrids [q.v.] and the one who first established Muslim power in Bengal.

Having failed to find preferment in G̲h̲azna with Sultan Muʿizz al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Sām [q.v.] of G̲h̲ūr and then in Dihlī, allegedly on account of his unprepossessing appearance, Muḥammad Bak̲h̲tiyār began as a local g̲h̲āzī leader in the districts of Badāʾūn and Awadh [q.vv.] until he was able, under the aegis of Ḳuṭb al-Dīn Aybak [q.v.] of Dihlī, to make important conquests in Bihār ca. …

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Bosworth, C.E., “Muḥammad Bak̲h̲tiyār K̲h̲ald̲j̲ī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 17 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5386>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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