Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Muḥammad Dāwūd K̲h̲ān
(586 words)

(1909-78) first president of Afg̲h̲ānistān.

His father was Sardār Muḥammad ʿAzīz, the half-brother of Muḥammad Nādir S̲h̲āh. Dāwūd was educated at Amāniyya School, Kābul, and in France. In 1931 he entered the army, was created major-general in 1932 and from then until 1947 held various military commands and provincial governorships. In 1947 he became minister of defence in the government of his uncle, S̲h̲āh Maḥmūd, resigned and returned as minister of the interior, 1949-50. From 20 September 1953 un…

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Yapp, M.E., “Muḥammad Dāwūd K̲h̲ān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5392>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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