Mūsā al-Kāẓim
(3,744 words)

(“he who restrains himself or “who keeps silent”), the seventh Imām of the Twelver S̲h̲īʿīs. He is known as Abu ’l-Ḥasan al-Awwal (or al-Mādī), Abū Ibrāhīm, Abū ʿAlī, and al-ʿAbd al-Ṣāliḥ. He was born at al-Abwāʾ (between Mecca and Medina) or in Medina on 7 Ṣafar 128/8 Nov. 745. Other dates given are D̲h̲u i-Ḥid̲j̲d̲j̲a 127/Sept. 745 and 129/746-7. His mother Ḥamīda (or Ḥumayda) bint Ṣāʿid al-Barbariyya (or al-Andalusiyya) was an umm walad bought from a Berber slave-dealer; she is often referred to as al-Muṣaffat, “the purified”.

Little is known of al-Kāẓim’s early life; in a work…

Cite this page
Kohlberg, E., “Mūsā al-Kāẓim”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5563>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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