Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Musāwāt
(498 words)

(a.) “equality”, the maṣdar of form III of the verb sawiya “to be equal to, be worth”, with the same sense as form I; in modern times, it has been used for the political concept of human equality (Ottoman Turkish müsāwāt , modern Turkish mūsavat , Persian musāwāt , barābārī ).

The root is found frequently in the Ḳurʾān, though only once in form III (XVIII, 95/96), in the sense “to make level, even up”. In the literary and cultural controversies of the ʿAbbāsid period, those of the S̲h̲uʿūbiyya [q.v.], the non-Arabs seeking social equality with the ruling class of Arabs were sometimes known as the a…

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Bosworth, C.E., “Musāwāt”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 27 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5577>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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