Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Mutaṭawwiʿa
(956 words)

, Muṭṭawwiʿa (a.), lit. “those who perform supererogatory deeds of piety, those over and above the duties laid upon them by the S̲h̲arīʿa ” echoing the use of the verb taṭawwaʿa in Ḳurʾān, II, 153/158, 180/184, IX, 80/79, the term used in military contexts for volunteer fighters. Al-Samʿānī defines them ( Ansāb , ed. Haydarābād, xii, 317) as “a group who devote themselves to g̲h̲azw and d̲j̲ihād , station themselves in ribāṭs along the frontiers (t̲h̲ug̲h̲ūr) and who go beyond the call of duty ( taṭawwaʿū ) in g̲h̲azw and undertake this last in the lands of unbelief when it is not…

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Bosworth, C.E., “Mutaṭawwiʿa”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 25 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5657>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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