(1,342 words)

(a.), pl. matāwila/mutāwila , mtawleh in colloquial Lebanese, métoualis in French, name for the Twelver S̲h̲īʿīs [see it̲h̲nā ʿas̲h̲ariyya ] in Lebanon [see lubnān ]. The term is also used for those Twelver S̲h̲īʿīs who emigrated from there to Damascus, but not, generally speaking, for those resident in Ḥamāt, Ḥims, Aleppo or elsewhere in Syria. The name seems to have come into use at first as Banū Mutawāl , and not before the 11th-12th/17th-18th centuries. It most probably was the name by which the S̲h̲īʿīs of the D̲j̲abal ʿĀmil [see ʿāmila ], of Baalbek [see baʿlabakk ] and of northern L…

Cite this page
Ende, W., “Mutawālī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 14 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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