Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(13,072 words)

, the name of a religious movement founded at Baṣra, in the first half of the 2nd/8th century by Wāṣil b. ʿAṭāʾ (d. 131/748 [q.v.]), subsequently becoming one of the most important theological schools of Islam.

The origin of this term—which has the sense of “those who separate themselves, who stand aside”— remains enigmatic. According to a traditional explanation (sometimes acknowledged by the Muʿtazila themselves), the word would have been applied to Wāṣil—or to his lieutenant, ʿAmr b. ʿUbayd (d. 144/761 [q.v.])—because on the question relating to the definition applicable …

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Gimaret, D., “Muʿtazila”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0822>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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