(493 words)

(a.), a legal term denoting a lease of agricultural land with profit-sharing. In this widespread type of verbal or written contract the owner of the land arranges with a husbandman ( ʿāmil ) for the latter to have the use of his land for a specified period, during which the husbandman sows, tends and harvests an agricultural crop. The seed may be provided by either the landowner or the husbandman. When the crop is harvested the two parties to the contract divide the proceeds in agreed snares, the share of the landowner constituting the rent ( ud̲j̲ra ) for the lease of his land.

To comply with the…

Cite this page
Young, M.J.L., “Muzāraʿa”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 October 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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