, a dynasty of Abyssinian slaves with their capital in Zabīd [q.v.], reigned 412-553/1022-1158.
The best historical source for an understanding of the dynasty is ʿUmāra (see Kay, in Bibl .), but it should be stressed that ʿUmāra’s account is sometimes confused, frequently anecdotal with interruptions of little or no relevance and lacking in dates. Other published sources which can be used as a control on ʿUmāra’s text are listed below, though many depend ultimately on him, being transmitted in the main through other writers.
When the last Ziyādid [q.v.] had been put to death during…