Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Naḳīb al-As̲h̲rāf
(1,332 words)

(a.), “the marshal of the nobility (i.e., the descendants of Muḥammad’s family, ahl al-bayt [q.v.])”. Naḳīb is derived from the root n-ḳ-b , meaning “to bore, to pierce”, then also “to investigate, to verify, to examine”. Thus naḳīb is the person who verifies something with regard to its correctness; following from this, naḳīb is an expert ( ʿarīf ) in his business, acting as trustee ( amīn ) and protector ( kafīl ) (cf. LA, s.v. n-ḳ-b).

Although the term as̲h̲rāf (one of the plurals of s̲h̲arīf [q.v.]) originates from pre-Islamic times when, among the Arab tribes, it meant those …

Cite this page
Havemann, A., “Naḳīb al-As̲h̲rāf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 25 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0841>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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