Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(2,822 words)

, Naḳāra-K̲h̲āna (p.), kind of military band. The origins of the naḳḳāra-k̲h̲āna , so-called after the naḳḳāra or kettle-drum, which was one of the instruments of the military band belonging to rulers and military leaders, are obscure. There are references to it from an early period when it appears to have been synonymous with the ṭabl-k̲h̲āna [q.v.]. Originally, its purpose was probably military and it retained this function in the Persian army until modern times. It also had ceremonial functions and these tended in the course of time to overshadow …

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Lambton, A.K.S., “Naḳḳāra-K̲h̲āna”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5777>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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