(1,655 words)

(Gr. Naxos/Axia ), Turkish name of the largest Aegean Cycladic island (1981 pop.: 14,037), east of Para [q.v.] and north-west of Amorgos, celebrated since Antiquity and the Middle Ages for its products (wine, olive oil, dairy ones: cf. Vakalopoulos, ii2, 492-3; iv, 473-4); in mid-12th century, al-Idrīsī refers to its extensive cattle raising ( Opus geographicum , 642: Naḳsiyya). Its chief port and capital, Naxos or “Chora”, on the western coastal ancient and mediaeval settlements, became a centre of commerce in the Latin and Turkish periods (early 1…

Cite this page
Savvides, A., “Naḳs̲h̲e”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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