Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(646 words)

(a.), more rarely Naʿūra , pl. nawāʿīr , a word designating current-driven, water-raising wheels, Eng. and Fr. noria. The term has no obvious derivation from Arabic, and is probably of Aramaic origin (see Fraenkel, Die aramäischen Fremdwörter , 134; also Dozy, Supplement, ii, 689-90).

The nomenclature for water-raising machines is very variable, and often the only way of knowing which machine is being referred to is from the context; for example, if a machine is driven by running water it is almost certain to be a noria. To avoid confusion, the Syrian usage will be followed, in which the nāʿū…

Cite this page
Hill, D.R., “Nāʿūra”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5853>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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