Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Nicobars
(730 words)

, the name of a group of nineteen islands in the Indian Ocean, to the south of the Bay of Bengal and lying between lats. 6°40′ and 9°20′ N.; the largest southernmost of them, Great Nicobar, is 190 km/120 miles to the northwest of the northern tip of Sumatra. Their area is 1,953 km2/627 sq. miles. The Arabic geographers place them at 15 days’ voyage from Sarandīb ( = Ceylon ) and 6 days’ voyage from Kalah [q.v.] ( = probably in the Malacca peninsula or, less probably, at Kedah).

The Nicobar Islands appear in Arabic travel and geographical literature as early as the Ak̲h̲bār al-Ṣīn wa ’l-Hind (237/851)…

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Bosworth, C.E., “Nicobars”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5897>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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