Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(5,193 words)

(p.), means a sign, banner, seal (and hence letter of a prince), or order/decoration. As a loanword in Ottoman Turkish, it basically denoted a sign or mark and also designated the sultan’s signature, or ṭug̲h̲ra [q.v.] and, by extension, a document bearing it (its scribe was a nis̲h̲ānd̲j̲i̊ [q.v.]); the standards of the Janissaries or Yeñi Čeri [q.v.]; the insignia on military, naval and other uniforms; and, later, decorations bestowed by the sultan. In 19th and 20th century literary Arabic, nis̲h̲ān (also nīs̲h̲ān ), similarly a loanword, had essentially the same connotati…

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Landau, J.M. and Pellat, Ch., “Nis̲h̲ān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0867>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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