Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Nīzak, Ṭark̲h̲ān
(362 words)

, ruler of the northern branch of the Hephtalite confederation which had in pre-Islamic times ruled both north and south of the Hindu Kush, from what is now Soviet Central Asia to northern India, that people known to the Arab historians as Hayṭal (<* Habṭal), pl. Hayāṭila [q.v.] (see on them, R. Ghirshman, Les Chionites-Hephtalites , Cairo 1958, 69 ff.). It is unclear whether the Ṭarkhān element of his name is in fact a personal name or the well-known Central Asian title (on which see Bosworth and Sir Gerard Clauson, in JRAS [1965], 11-12).

The power of the northern Hephthalites, whose d…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C.E., “Nīzak, Ṭark̲h̲ān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5936>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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