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Niẓām al-Dīn, Mullā Muḥammad
(846 words)

, leading scholar and mystic of early 18th-century Awadh and the consolidator of the Niẓāmī madrasa curriculum which came to be used through much of South Asia down to the 20th century. Niẓām al-Dīn was the third son of Mullā Ḳuṭb al-Dīn Sihālwī whose murder in 1103/1692 led to the emperor Awrangzīb recompensing him and his three brothers by assigning them the property of a European indigo merchant in Lucknow and by granting them pensions to support their scholarship; they and their descendants came to be known as the Farangī Maḥall family [q.v. in Suppl.].

Niẓām al-Dīn, who was fourtee…

Cite this page
Robinson, F., “Niẓām al-Dīn, Mullā Muḥammad”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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