Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Nouakchott
(617 words)

, the capital of Mauritania [see mūrītāniyā ]. It was created ex nihilo near a site occupied by a small village and a ksar [see Ḳaṣr ]. The choice of its situation was made the object of serious studies, since it was necessary that it should be accessible, easily supplied with drinking water and distant enough from the Senegal River to escape inundations like that of 1950. Several plans of urban design were put forward even before independence was conceded to Mauritania (1960), and construction work, begun in 1958, has not ceased since that date i…

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J.-F Staszak and Ed., “Nouakchott”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5958>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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