Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Nūr Muḥammadī
(712 words)

(a.), the Muḥammadan light. It is one of the most prominent names given to Muḥammad’s pre-existent entity which preceded the creation of Ādam [q.v.]. The concept has its parallels in Jewish, Gnostic and neo-Platonic ideas (see I. Goldziher, Neuplatonische und Gnostische Elemente im Ḥadīt , in ZA, xxii [1909], 317 ff.; T. Andrae, Die Person Muhammeds , Upsala 1917, passim . See also, L. Massignon, Al-Ḥallāj , Paris 1922, passim; idem, Recueil ..., 1929, passim).

Not all Muslim scholars and theologians agreed on the nature of Muḥammad’s pre-existence. Al-G̲h̲azālī (d. 505/1111 [q.v.]) a…

Cite this page
Rubin, U., “Nūr Muḥammadī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5985>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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