Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ork̲h̲on
(198 words)

, a river of the northern part of what is now the Mongolian People’s Republic; it joins the Selenga to flow northwards eventually into Lake Baikal.

For Turcologists, the banks of this river are of supreme importance as the locus for the Old Turkish inscriptions, carved in the middle decades of the 8th century in a so-called “runic” script, in fact derived ultimately from the Aramaic one [see turks. Languages]. These inscriptions are the royal annals of the Köktürk empire, centred on this region till its fall in 744 and supersession by a Uyg̲h̲ur [q.v.] grouping based on Ḳara Balg̲h̲asun…

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Bosworth, C.E., “Ork̲h̲on”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 02 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6032>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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