(1,277 words)

, the name of a major Islamic revivalist movement in Minangkabau [q.v.], Sumatra, 1803-38. The appellation Padri is derived from orang Pidari “men of Pedir (Pidië)”, in reference to those who made the pilgrimage to Mecca by way of the Atjèhnese port of Pidië. The Padri built on earlier Minangkabau reform movements initiated by the two major Ṣūfī tarekat which had been the instrument for converting the central highlands of Sumatra, the Naksyabandiyah (Naḳs̲h̲bandiyya [q.v.]) and the Syattariyah (S̲h̲aṭṭāriyya [q.v.]). Operating by the late 18th century in a society which wa…

Cite this page
Dobbin, Christine, “Padri”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 January 2019 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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