Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Payās
(333 words)

, the Ottoman Turkish form of modern Turkish Payas, a small town at the head of the Gulf of Alexandretta 18 km/12 miles north of Iskandarūn [q.v.] (lat. 36° 46′ N., long. 36° 10′ E.). Lying as it does in the very narrow coastal corridor between the sea and the Amanus Mts. or D̲j̲abal al-Lukkām [q.v.], the modern Turkish Gavur Dağlari, Payās has always been a strategically important point on the route from Cilicia to Antioch; the name itself goes back to that of the classical Greek town of Baiae (see PW, ii/2, col. 2775 (Ruge)).

In the early Islamic period, Payās was on the road connecting…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C.E., “Payās”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6104>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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