Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(3,614 words)

(p.), literally, “the arch in front”, hence the portal of an important building, the term being appropriate to the advancing of the structure, at least in its developed form, forward from the plane of the façade: it is formally typified by this projection, and the articulation of receding planes to the entrance within. Though initially used throughout the Middle East and Hindūstān, the portal came to be most typical of Perso-Indian architecture. The Persian concept appears to be connected with the Arabic dihlīz as the palace vestibule where the ruler appeared for public audie…

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Andrews, P.A., “Pīs̲hṭ̲ṭaḳ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 09 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0891>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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