Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Plewna
(2,978 words)

(Ottoman Turkish orthography, ), the modem city of Pleven in northern Bulgaria. It is situated at an altitude of 105 m/336 ft in a depression of the Pleven plateau which is formed by the small river Tučenica, a tributary of the river Vit, which passes the city 6 km/3½ miles to its west. The important road and railway from Sofia to Bucarest and the Black Sea port of Varna passes through this town. In Ottoman times (1393-1878) it was a centre of Islamic life, with many mosques and some important medreses , and was the centre of a ḳaḍāʾ containing 46 villages. Throughout most of the Ottoman per…

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Kiel, M., “Plewna”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 23 August 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6134>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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