Rahbāniyya
(503 words)

(a.), monasticism. The term is derived from rāhib [q.v.] “anchovite, monk”; it occurs in the Ḳurʾān once only, in a complicated passage (sūra LVII, 27) that has given rise to divergent interpretations: “And we put in the hearts of those who followed Jesus, compassion and mercy, and the monastic state ( rahbāniyya ); they instituted the same (we did not prescribe it to them) only out of a desire to please God. Yet they observed not the same as it ought truly to have been observed. And we gave unto such of them as believed, their reward; but many of them have been doers of evil.”

According to some of …

Cite this page
Wensinck, A.J., “Rahbāniyya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 17 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6191>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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