Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(925 words)

(a.), name of the ninth month of the Muslim calendar. The name from the root r-m-ḍ refers to the heat of summer and therefore shows in what season the month fell when the ancient Arabs still endeavoured to equate their year with the solar year by intercalary months [see nasīʾ ].

Ramaḍān is the only month of the year to be mentioned in the Ḳurʾān (II, 181/165): “The month of Ramaḍān (is that) in which the Ḳurʾān was sent down”, we are told in connection with the establishment of the fast of Ramaḍān. Concerning the origins of this, to what is said in EI 1 Ṣawm should be added the researches of S. F. Goitein, Z…

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Plessner, M., “Ramaḍān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 02 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6208>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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