Rasūl
(783 words)

(a., pl. rusul ), messenger, apostle.

1. In the religious sense. According to the Ḳurʾān, there is a close relation between the apostle and his people ( umma [q.v.]). To each umma God sends only one apostle (sūra X, 48, XVI, 38 cf. XXIII, 46, XL, 5). These statements are parallel to those which mention the witness whom God will take from each umma at the Day of Judgment (IV, 45, XXVIII, 75 and cf. the descriptions of the rasūl who will cross the bridge to the other world at the head of his umma: al-Buk̲h̲ārī, Ad̲h̲ān , bāb 129; Riḳāḳ , bāb 52).

Muḥammad is sent to a people to whom Allāh has not ye…

Cite this page
Wensinck, A.J., “Rasūl”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 14 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0911>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



▲   Back to top   ▲