Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Raws̲h̲aniyya
(1,323 words)

, a mystical and gnostic Islamic sect founded amongst the Afg̲h̲āns of the North-West Frontier region, with centres at e.g. Kāṅīgurām and Tīrāh in Wazīristān, by Bāyazīd b. ʿAbd Allāh Anṣārī of Kāṅīgurām (ca. 931-80/ca. 1525-73). He claimed to be, if not actually a Mahdī, at least a hādī or guide towards tawḥīd , the Divine Unity, for his followers. He styled himself pīr-i raws̲h̲an “the divinely-illuminated pīr [q.v.] “, although his orthodox enemies called him pīr-i tārīkī “the pīr of darkness” and his adherents Tārīkiyān “devotees of darkness”. The movement had distinct eleme…

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Margoliouth, D.S. and Bosworth, C.E., “Raws̲h̲aniyya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 06 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0915>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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