Reʾīs ül-Küttāb
(2,688 words)

or Reʾīs efendi (A., used in Turkey), properly “chief of the men of the pen”, a high Ottoman dignitary, directly under the Grand Vizier, originally head of the chancery of the Imperial Dīwān ( dīwān-i hümāyūn ), later secretary of state or chancellor and Minister of Foreign Affairs. According to d’Herbelot, he was called also reʾīs kitāb .

This office, unlike many others, is purely Ottoman, at least as regards the particular line of development that it took. Establishing itself at the expense of the functions of the nis̲h̲ānd̲j̲i̊ [q.v.], we may say that it owes nothing to the influ…

Cite this page
Deny, J., “Reʾīs ül-Küttāb”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 October 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

▲   Back to top   ▲