Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Rīf
(2,024 words)

(a.), “countryside”. I. As a geographical and territorial term.

One sense of this term early emerged from the Egyptian context, where an arid country is traversed by a river with food-producing fringes: the image is that of the fertile (and cultivated) banks of the Nile [see nīl ]. It includes two ideas, that of “fringe” (bank, littoral and, by extension, flank, limit) and that of “fertile countryside”, “abundance” (as opposed to the desert; and, by extension, “countryside” as opposed to the town) (see the lexicon of Lane and Kazimirski).

In Morocco, where the natural environment is…

Cite this page
Vignet-Zunz, J. and Ed., “Rīf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 10 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0923>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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