Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,228 words)

(a.), pl. arzāḳ , literally, “anything granted by someone to someone else as a benefit”, hence “bounty, sustenance, nourishment”.

1. As a theological concept.

Rizḳ , and the nominal and verbal forms derived from it, are very frequent in the Ḳurʾān, especially in reference to the rizḳ Allāh , God’s provision and sustenance for mankind from the fruits of the earth and the animals upon it (e.g. II, 20/22, 23/25, 57/60, etc.) (see further, section 2. below). Hence one of God’s most beautiful names [see al-asmāʾ al-ḥusnā ] is al-Razzāḳ , the All-Provider. The ultimate origin of the Arabi…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C.E. and McAuliffe, Jane D., “Rizḳ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 09 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0931>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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