Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Rūm
(6,440 words)

, 1. In Arabie literature. Rūm occurs in Arabic literature with reference to the Romans, the Byzantines and the Christian Melkites interchangeably. This issue of nomenclature is the first problem that confronts the reader of Arabic literature. Most often, however, the reference is to the Byzantines, which is the meaning followed in this entry.

The sources for the pre-Islamic times include the important Namāra [q.v.] inscription. All the literary sources were written in later Islamic times, deriving from the historian Ibn al-Kalbī.

In the Islamic period, the first reference to Rūm occ…

Cite this page
Cheikh, Nadia el- and Bosworth, C.E., “Rūm”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0939>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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