Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Rūm Ḳalʿesi
(1,691 words)

, ḳalʿat al-rūm , a fortress in mediaeval northern Syria, which lay on the right bank of the Euphrates river where it takes its great westernmost bend, hence to the north-north-west of Bīred̲j̲ik [q.v.]. Its site accordingly comes within the modern Turkish province (il) of Gaziantep.

According to Arnold Nöldeke’s description, it is situated “on a steeply sloping-tongue of rock, lying along the right bank of the Euphrates, which bars the direct road to the Euphrates from the west for its tributary the Merziman as it breaks through the edge o…

Cite this page
Honigmann, E. and Bosworth, C.E., “Rūm Ḳalʿesi”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 06 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6334>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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