(4,166 words)

, originally rūm-ili , the territory of the Rūm [q.v.], the geographical name given to the Balkan peninsula by the Ottomans; also the name of the Ottoman province which included this region. The Muslims knew the Byzantines as Rūm , and the Eastern Roman Empire as Bilād al-Rūm or Mamlakat al-Rūm , hence once Anatolia came under Turkish-Islamic rule, the designation Rūm survived as a geographic name to designate Asia Minor. Some Western travellers of the 13th century, however, referred to Anatolia under Turkish rule as Turquemenie or Turquie and used the name Romania for the area under B…

Cite this page
İnalcık, Halil, “Rūmeli̇”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0940>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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