Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Rūpiyya
(641 words)

, an Indian coin, a rupee. In the later 9th/15th and early 10th/16th centuries, the silver tanka [q.v.] of the sultans of Dihlī had become so debased that when S̲h̲īr S̲h̲āh (947-52/1540-5) reformed the coinage, the name could no longer be given to a silver coin. To his new silver coin, corresponding to the original fine silver tanka, he therefore gave the name rūpiyya = rupee, i.e. the silver coin (Sanskrit, rūpya , rūpaka ), and tanka became a copper denomination. The weight of the rupee was 178 grains (11.53 gr) and it rapidly established itself in popular favour. Un…

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Allan, J. and Bosworth, C.E., “Rūpiyya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 06 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6341>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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