Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Rustam
(1,707 words)

, the principal hero of the Iranian epic, especially in the version of Firdawsī [q.v.].

1. In Iranian legend.

Neither his name nor that of his father Zāl occur in the Avesta. In the Yas̲h̲t s, Kərəsāspa (in Persian, Kars̲h̲āsp or Gars̲h̲āsp) is the most important heroic figure. Marquait conjectured that originally “Rustam” was no more than an epithet of Kərəsāspa, which only by chance was not attested in the extant Avestan texts. The exploits later attributed to Rustam would be the result of a blend of the legends of Kərəsāspa w…

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Bruijn, J.T.P. de and Robinson, B.W., “Rustam”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 10 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0944>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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