Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(3,572 words)

(a.) "hour", hence "clock".

1. In technology.

Monumental water-clocks are described in detail in two Arabic treatises. Al-Ḏj̲azarī [q.v. in Suppl.] in his book on mechanical contrivances completed in Diyār Bakr in 602/1206 describes two such machines. Riḍwān b. al-Sāʿātī, in a treatise dated 600/1203, describes the water-clock built by his father Muḥammad at the Ḏj̲ayrūn gate in Damascus (see E. Wiedemann and F. Hauser, Über die Uhren in Bereich der Islamischen Kultur , in Nova Acta der Kaiserl . Leop . Deutschen Akad . der Naturforscher , ciii [1918], 167-272). It fell into disr…

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Hill, D.R. and Rubin, U., “Sāʿa”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 29 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0948>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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