Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(2,063 words)

(a.), pl. asbāb , literally "rope" ( ḥabl ), the basic sense as given by the lexicographers (cf. LʿA ), coming to designate anything which binds or connects. It is "anything by means of which one gains an end ( maḳṣūd ; al-Ḏj̲urd̲j̲ānī) or an object sought" ( maṭlūb ; in the Baḥr al-d̲j̲awāhir ). One can mention asbāb with the sense of "bonds" in Ḳurʾān, II, 166: "When the bonds [which unite them] are broken...". Ibn ʿAbbās interpreted this as friendship ( mawadda ); Mud̲j̲āhid, "alliance" ( tawāṣul ) in this context. The sense is also found of "a means of achieving s. th.". Ibn Ma…

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Arnaldez, R., Izzi Dien, Mawil Y., Heinrichs, W.P. and Carter, M.G., “Sabab”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 August 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0951>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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