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Ṣābiʾa
(4,595 words)

(a.), the name of two rather mysterious groups in early Islamic times:

1. Ṣābiʾat al-baṭāʾiḥ .

The Mesopotamian dialectal pronunciation of ṣābiʿa , where the ʿayn has been transformed into y or ī , also occurs in Mandaean (cf. Lidzbarski, Ginzā ; Nöldeke, Mandäische Grammatik ; R. Macuch, Handbook , 94, 1. 16: ṣabuia ). This substantive, which became current in Mecca during the period of Ḳurʾānic preaching, irrespective of its etymology, derives from the Semitic root ṣ-b-ʿ (Aramaic, Hebrew, Syriac; Ethiopic ṣabk̲h̲a ), corresponding to ṣ-b-g̲h̲ in Arabic. The verb signifies, in t…

Cite this page
Fahd, T., “Ṣābiʾa”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0953>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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