Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ṣafawids
(30,242 words)

, a dynasty which ruled in Persia as “sovereigns 907-1135/1501-1722, as fainéants 1142-8/1729-36, and thereafter, existed as pretenders to the throne up to 1186/1773.

I. Dynastic, political and military history.

The establishment of the Ṣafawid state in 907/1501 by S̲h̲āh Ismāʿīl I [q.v.] (initially ruler of Ād̲h̲arbāyd̲j̲ān only) marks an important turning-point in Persian history. In the first place, the Ṣafawids restored Persian sovereignty over the whole of the area traditionally regarded as the heartlands of Persia for the first ti…

Cite this page
Savory, R.M., Bruijn, J.T.P. de, Newman, A.J., Welch, A.T. and Darley-Doran, R.E., “Ṣafawids”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0964>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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